Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. JAN ASSMANN. RE UND AMUN. Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der Dynastie. UNIVERSITÄTSVERLAG FREIBURG SCHWEIZ. Dynastie erlangt er eine gewisse Bedeutung in Theben. Amun-re trat er amun-re Schöpfergott auf, aus dem Nun entsteigend, die hermopolitanische Achtheit und.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottAMUN-RE. Eine Sondierung zu Struktur und Genese alt&gyptischer synkretistischer Gotter* von. Wolfgang Schenkel. 1. "Bindestrich-GStter". Am auffailigsten. Amun-Re vereinigt als altägyptischer „König der Götter“ die Eigenschaften des Re, Min und Amun. Damit ist er Sonnen-, Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott in der altägyptischen Religion. Dynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen.
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Amun-Re HГlle von Auschwitz Casino Journey als Macht der Ungerechtigkeit die zweifelhafteste Geltung verschafft hat. - Trip AdvisorVon da an war Amun endgültig zum Reichsgott geworden. Amun-Re vereinigt als altägyptischer „König der Götter“ die Eigenschaften des Re, Min und Amun. Damit ist er Sonnen-, Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott in der altägyptischen Religion. Amun-Re – Wikipedia. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Amun-Re. Die Hieroglyphen unter seinem Namen bedeuten “Herr des Himmels, König der Götter”. Obelisk der Hatschepsut im Tempel von Karnak, Neues Reich,.
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Soon, the cult rivaled the pharaoh in power and prestige. Thebes became the capitol again and the cult of Amun-Ra continued to gain power.
These women gained power and depictions show them making offerings to gods. Temples dedicated to Amun were built throughout Egypt and Ramses II built or rebuilt several of them.
Three of these temples are those at Deir el-Medina, Luxor and Karnak:. Amun is also depicted with various animal heads.
The storm becomes a sweet breeze for he who invokes His name Amon is more effective than millions for he who places Him in his heart. Thanks to Him the single man becomes stronger than a crowd.
While not regarded as a dynasty, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were nevertheless of such power and influence that they were effectively the rulers of Egypt from to c.
The Amun priests owned two-thirds of all the temple lands in Egypt and 90 percent of her ships and many other resources. In the 10th century BC, the overwhelming dominance of Amun over all of Egypt gradually began to decline.
In Thebes, however, his worship continued unabated, especially under the Nubian Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt , as Amun was by now seen as a national god in Nubia.
Tantamani died BC , the last pharaoh of the Nubian dynasty, still bore a theophoric name referring to Amun in the Nubian form Amani. In areas outside Egypt where the Egyptians had previously brought the cult of Amun his worship continued into classical antiquity.
In Nubia, where his name was pronounced Amane or Amani , he remained a national deity, with his priests, at Meroe and Nobatia ,  regulating the whole government of the country via an oracle , choosing the ruler, and directing military expeditions.
According to Diodorus Siculus , these religious leaders were even able to compel kings to commit suicide, although this tradition stopped when Arkamane , in the 3rd century BC, slew them.
The temple was found to have been destroyed by fire and Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS and C14 dating of the charred roof beams have placed the construction of the most recent incarnation of the temple in the 1st century AD.
This date is further confirmed by the associated ceramics and inscriptions. Following its destruction, the temple gradually decayed and collapsed.
Iarbas , a mythological king of Libya, was also considered a son of Hammon. According to the 6th century author Corippus , a Libyan people known as the Laguatan carried an effigy of their god Gurzil , whom they believed to be the son of Ammon, into battle against the Byzantine Empire in the s AD.
The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, said: "Behold, I am bringing punishment upon Amon of Thebes, and Pharaoh and Egypt and her gods and her kings, upon Pharaoh and those who trust in him.
Amun, worshipped by the Greeks as Ammon , had a temple and a statue, the gift of Pindar d. At Aphytis , Chalcidice, Amun was worshipped, from the time of Lysander d.
Pindar the poet honored the god with a hymn. At Megalopolis the god was represented with the head of a ram Paus. Such was its reputation among the Classical Greeks that Alexander the Great journeyed there after the battle of Issus and during his occupation of Egypt, where he was declared "the son of Amun" by the oracle.
Alexander thereafter considered himself divine. Even during this occupation, Amun, identified by these Greeks as a form of Zeus ,  continued to be the principal local deity of Thebes.
Several words derive from Amun via the Greek form, Ammon , such as ammonia and ammonite. The Romans called the ammonium chloride they collected from deposits near the Temple of Jupiter-Amun in ancient Libya sal ammoniacus salt of Amun because of proximity to the nearby temple.
Both these foraminiferans shelled Protozoa and ammonites extinct shelled cephalopods bear spiral shells resembling a ram's, and Ammon's, horns.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ancient Egyptian god. For other uses, see Amun disambiguation. For the Belgian band, see Amenra. For the American football player, see Amon-Ra St.
Typical depiction of Amun during the New Kingdom, with two plumes on his head, the ankh symbol and the was sceptre.
Amunet Wosret Mut. Funerals Offering formula Temples Pyramids. Deities list. Symbols and objects. Related religions. Further information: High Priest of Amun.
Just beyond this is the remaining obelisk of Hatshepsut , nearly 30 m in height. Later kings blocked out the view of this from ground level, and constructed walls around it.
Its companion lies, broken, by the sacred lake. The pylon also includes some images of the god Amun which were restored by Tutankhamen after they were vandalized by Akhenaten.
These images were later recarved by Horemheb who also usurped Tutankhamun's restoration inscriptions. The sanctuary was built in the time of Philip Arrhidaeus , on the site of the earlier sanctuary built by Thutmose III.
This sanctuary contains blocks from the earlier sanctuary and older inscriptions can still be seen.
Only the base of three doors mark the entrances to the internal structures of this court. This stands to the east of the main temple complex. Between the sanctuary and the festival hall is an open space, and this is thought to be where the original Middle Kingdom shrines and temples were located, before their later dismantling.
The Festival Hall or Akh-menu — "the most glorious of monuments" itself has its axis at right-angles to the main east—west axis of the temple.
In this temple, the Karnak king list , shows Thutmose III with some of the earlier kings that built parts of the temple complex.
This axis, with its massive pylons, heads off to the Precinct of Mut. Most of this area is off limits to tourists, as it is under active reconstruction and excavation.
Over statues were discovered in by Georges Legrain  buried under this open court. These had been buried there, probably in the Ptolemaic period, during one of the clearances of the complex for rebuilding or construction.
On the southern side, there is a carving of Thutmose III smiting Asiatic enemies, under which is a list of names of towns and peoples conquered in his campaigns in Syria-Palestine.
Off to the eastern side of the court is an alabaster shrine, constructed for the jubilee of Thutmose III. Constructed by Hatshepsut , the eighth pylon marks the end of the area that is normally accessible to the public.
This pylon was constructed or at least completed by Horemheb. It is hollow and allows access to its top, via internal staircases.
Again, it was Horemheb who built this last pylon, using the Talatat from the dismantled Temple of Amenhotep IV as core building material.
There are four registers of scenes around the gateway, in the name of Horemheb. Located within the outer precincts of the complex are a number of other structures, some of which are accessible to the public.
The sacred lake was where priests purified themselves before performing rituals in the temple. The sound and light show is now viewed from a seating area next to the lake.
Dieser Titel verweist auf die alte Schöpfergottheit Atum , die von Re in der 6. Dynastie als neues Oberhaupt der Neunheit in Heliopolis abgelöst wurde.
In griechisch-römischer Zeit kam im Zuge der Osiris-Mysterien der Choiak als Kikellia-Fest hinzu. Einen Tag zuvor, am Abend des Choiak bis zu den ersten Sonnenstrahlen des 1.
Tybi in allen Tempeln mit dem Betreten der heiligen Barke des Osiris feierten und nach Sonnenaufgang des 1.